Deutsch-Englisch-Übersetzungen für Wasserpolo [Wasserball] im Online- Wörterbuch magnetfolien-shop.eu (Englischwörterbuch). Neu im Sortiment - Wasserpolo bei DECATHLON. Wasserball-Spieler aufgepasst ! Die Schwimm-Marke Nabaiji arbeitet an einem breiten und tiefen. 4. Dez. Einige Leverkusener wie Sportdirektor Völler hadern mit den Bedingungen bei der Wasserschlacht von Nürnberg. Kämpfernaturen wie Lars.
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Unlike most common team sports, there is little positional play; field players will often fill several positions throughout the game as situations demand.
These positions usually consist of a center forward, a center back, the two wing players and the two drivers. Players who are skilled in all positions of offense or defense are called utility players.
Utility players tend to come off of the bench, though this is not absolute. Certain body types are more suited for particular positions, and left-handed players are especially coveted on the right-hand side of the field, allowing teams to launch two-sided attacks.
The offensive positions include: The wings, drivers and point are often called the perimeter players; while the hole-set directs play.
There is a typical numbering system for these positions in U. The flat in a counter clockwise from one is called two.
Moving along in the same direction the point player is three, the next flat is four, the final wing is five, and the hole set is called six.
Defensive positions are often the same, but just switched from offence to defence. Defence can be played man-to-man or in zones , such as a 2—4 four defenders along the goal line.
It can also be played as a combination of the two in what is known as an " M drop " defence, in which the point defender moves away "sloughs off" his man into a zone in order to better defend the centre position.
In this defence, the two wing defenders split the area furthest from the goal, allowing them a clearer lane for the counter-attack if their team recovers the ball.
The goalkeeper has the main role in blocking shots against the goal as well as guiding and informing their defense of imposing threats and gaps in the defense.
The goalkeeper usually begins the offensive play by passing the ball across the pool to an attacker. It is not unusual for a goalkeeper to make an assisting pass to a goal on a break away.
The goalkeeper is given several privileges above those of the other players, but only within the five-meter area in front of their own goal: In general, a foul that would cause an ejection of a field player might bring on a five-metre shot on the goalkeeper.
The goalkeeper also has one limitation that other players do not have: Another set up, used more by professional teams, is known as an "arc", "umbrella", or "mushroom"; perimeter players form the shape of an arc around the goal, with the hole set as the handle or stalk.
Yet another option for offensive set is called a 4—2 or double hole; there are two center forward offensive players in front of the goal. Double hole is most often used in "man up" situations, or when the defense has only one skilled "hole D", or to draw in a defender and then pass out to a perimeter player for a shot "kick out".
Another, albeit less common offense, is the "motion c", sometimes nicknamed "washing machine offence", in which two "weak-side" to the right of the goal for right-handed players perimeter players set up as a wing and a flat.
The remaining four players swim in square pattern in which a player swims from the point to the hole and then out to the strong side wing.
The wing moves to the flat and the flat to the point. The weak side wing and flat then control the tempo of play and try to make passes into the player driving towards the centre forward who can then either shoot or pass.
This form of offence is used when no dominate hole set is available, or the hole defence is too strong. The best advantage to this system is it makes man-coverage much more difficult for the defender and allows the offence to control the game tempo better once the players are "set up".
The main drawback is this constant motion can be very tiring as well as somewhat predictable as to where the next pass is going to go. When the offence takes possession of the ball, the strategy is to advance the ball down the field of play and to score a goal.
Players can move the ball by throwing it to a teammate or swimming with the ball in front of them dribbling. If an attacker advances inside the 2-metre line without the ball or before the ball is inside the 2-metre area, s he is ruled offside and the ball is turned over to the defence.
This is often overlooked if the attacker is well to the side of the pool or when the ball is at the other side of the pool.
The key to the offence is to accurately pass or "set" the ball into the centre forward or hole set, positioned directly in front of the goal "the hole".
Any field player may throw the hole set a "wet pass". A dry pass may also be used. This is where the hole set receives the ball directly in his hand and then attempts a shot at the cage.
This pass is much more difficult because if the pass is not properly caught, the officials will be likely to call an offensive foul resulting in a change of ball possession.
The hole set attempts to take possession of the ball [after a wet pass], to shoot at the goal, or to draw a foul from his defender. A minor foul is called if his defender called the "hole D" attempts to impede movement before the hole set has possession.
The referee indicates the foul with one short whistle blow and points one hand to the spot of the foul and the other hand in the direction of the attack of the team to whom the free throw has been awarded.
The hole set then has a "reasonable amount of time" typically about three seconds; there is no FINA rule on this issue to re-commence play by making a free pass to one of the other players.
The defensive team cannot hinder the hole set until the free throw has been taken, but the hole set cannot shoot a goal once the foul has been awarded until the ball has been played by at least one other player.
If the hole set attempts a goal without the free throw, the goal is not counted and the defence takes possession of the ball, unless the shot is made outside the 5-metre line.
As soon as the hole set has a free pass, the other attacking players attempt to swim or drive away from their defenders towards the goal.
The players at the flat position will attempt to set a screen also known as a pick for the driver. If a driver gets free from a defender, the player calls for the pass from the hole set and attempts a shot at the goal.
The attacking team typically positions 4 players on the 2 metre line, and 2 players on 5 metre line 4—2 , passing the ball around until an open player attempts a shot.
The five defending players try to pressure the attackers, block shots and prevent a goal being scored for the 20 seconds while they are a player down.
The other defenders can only block the ball with one hand to help the goalkeeper. The defensive player is allowed to return immediately if the offence scores, or if the defence recovers the ball before the twenty seconds expires.
On defence, the players work to regain possession of the ball and to prevent a goal in their own net. The defence attempts to knock away or steal the ball from the offense or to commit a foul in order to stop an offensive player from taking a goal shot.
The defender attempts to stay between the attacker and the goal, a position known as inside water. Even with good backup from the rest of the defenders, stopping attacks can prove very difficult if the goalkeeper remains in the middle of the goal.
The most defensible position is along a semicircular line connecting the goalposts and extending out in the centre.
The goalkeeper stops using his or her hands to tread water once the opponent enters at about the 7 metre mark and starts to lift their upper body using the eggbeater technique to prepare to block the shot.
Finally the goalkeeper tries to block the ball down, which is often hard for the longer reaches, but prevents an offensive rebound and second shot.
As is the case with other defensive players, a goalkeeper who aggressively fouls an attacker in position to score can be charged with a penalty shot for the other team.
The goalkeeper can also be ejected for twenty seconds if a major foul is committed. Also inside the five metre mark, the goalie can swing at the ball with a closed fist without being penalised.
Advantage rule If an offensive player, such as the centre forward, has possession of the ball in front of the goal, the defensive player tries to steal the ball or to keep the centre from shooting or passing.
If the defender cannot achieve these aims, he may commit a foul intentionally. The hole set then is given a free throw but must pass off the ball to another offensive player, rather than making a direct shot at the goal.
Defensive perimeter players may also intentionally cause a minor foul and then move toward the goal, away from their attacker, who must take a free throw.
This technique, called sloughing , allows the defense an opportunity to double-team the hole set and possibly steal the inbound pass.
This is known as the Advantage Rule. Water polo is a contact sport, with little protective gear besides swim suits and caps with ear protectors and thus injuries are common.
Among the most frequent serious injuries are those affecting the head and shoulders. Those induced to the head are usually caused by elbows or the ball itself, while shoulder injuries are a result of grabbing or pushing while shooting or passing.