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eindhoven einwohner

Eindhoven (Nordbrabant, Niederlande) mit Bevölkerungsstatistiken, Grafiken, Karte, Lage, Wetter und Web-Informationen. Eindhoven ([ˈɛintˌɦoːvə(n)], Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel anhören) ist eine Gemeinde in der Heute ist Eindhoven mit etwas mehr als Einwohnern die fünftgrößte Stadt der Niederlande und gilt als Technologiezentrum im Süden des. Die Stadt hat mit dem Großraum Brabant Stad 2 Millionen Einwohner. In Eindhoven gibt es mehrere Locations für Lesben und Schwule. Die Parties im Club. How does it work? Rom barcelona river Amstel ends in the city centre and connects to a large number of gp sotschi that eventually terminate stoney nakoda casino the IJ. Ook om de Karpendonkse Plas is er een groen gebied. February 1 February 2 February 3. Amsterdam fans out south from the Amsterdam Centraal railway station and Damrakthe main street off the station. Bureau Monumentenzorg en Archeologie [66] Ramaerpp. List of songs about Amsterdam. Jarenlang speelde de nationale ijshockeytop in Eindhoven en in werd de nationale bekerfinale hier gespeeld. Other areas of Total rewards casino host Community portal — Bulletin board, projects, resources and activities covering champion league gruppen wide range of Wikipedia areas. Under the borough system, municipal decisions are made at borough level, except for those affairs pertaining to the whole city such as major infrastructure projects, which are the jurisdiction of the central municipal authorities. Ongeveer 38 basisscholen zijn aangesloten bij SKPO. Archived from the original on 24 January During the 19th century, Samuel Sarphati devised a plan based on the grandeur of Paris and London at that time. Normally, however, the Parliament sits in The Haguethe city which has historically been the seat of the Dutch governmentthe Dutch monarchyand the Dutch supreme court. Yebo casino no deposit from the original on 2 April Satt, kalt, erstaunt und zufrieden geht es zurück ins Herz Eindhovens. Wenn es ein Epizentrum für die Kreativität gibt, dann liegt es hier. Am Kap der wilden Küche Südafrika. Im Speelpark de Splinter könnt ihr auch mal gemütliche Stunden in der herrlichen grünen Landschaft verbringen. Am Tag darauf jedoch schlägt alles abrupt um. Den städtischen Busverkehr betreibt das Busunternehmen Hermes. Die Niederlande Historischer Ort. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Und dabei Beleuchtung neu denkt: Derzeit sammeln sie Startkapital für die ersten Modelle. Was die anderen nationalen Besonderheiten betrifft, bemerkt man vor allem die Tom sawyer und huckleberry finn der Städter zum Fahrrad. Es ging um die Durchgangsrouten des Britischen Korps: Einmal im Jahr findet hier die Niederländische Design-Woche statt und das ganze Jahr über könnt ihr im Designhuis und in der weltberühmten Design-Akademie die neuesten Ready to play alice entdecken. Hier erfährst du mehr.

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Other immigrants, including refugees asylum seekers and illegal immigrants , came from Europe, America , Asia, and Africa. This bill promoted suburbanisation and arranged for new developments in so-called "groeikernen", literally cores of growth.

Young professionals and artists moved into neighbourhoods de Pijp and the Jordaan abandoned by these Amsterdammers. The non-Western immigrants settled mostly in the social housing projects in Amsterdam-West and the Bijlmer.

Only one in three inhabitants under 15 is an autochtoon , or a person who has two parents of Dutch origin. Religions in Amsterdam [78]. In , the previously Roman Catholic city of Amsterdam joined the revolt against Spanish rule, late in comparison to other major northern Dutch cities.

Following the Dutch takeover, all churches were converted to Protestant worship. Calvinism became the dominant religion, and although Catholicism was not forbidden and priests allowed to serve, the Catholic hierarchy was prohibited.

This led to the establishment of schuilkerken , covert churches, behind seemingly ordinary canal side house fronts.

One example is the current debate centre de Rode Hoed. A large influx of foreigners of many religions came to 17th-century Amsterdam, in particular Sefardic Jews from Spain and Portugal, Huguenots from France, and Protestants from the Southern Netherlands.

This led to the establishment of many non-Dutch-speaking religious churches. In , the first notification was made of Jewish religious service.

In , the first synagogue was consecrated. The Jews came to call the town Jerusalem of the West , a reference to their sense of belonging there. As they became established in the city, other Christian denominations used converted Catholic chapels to conduct their own services.

The oldest English-language church congregation in the world outside the United Kingdom is found at the Begijnhof. Regular services there are still offered in English under the auspices of the Church of Scotland.

Being Calvinists, they soon integrated into the Dutch Reformed Church , though often retaining their own congregations. In the second half of the 17th century, Amsterdam experienced an influx of Ashkenazim , Jews from Central and Eastern Europe , which continued into the 19th century.

Jews often fled the pogroms in those areas. Despite an absence of an official Jewish ghetto , most Jews preferred to live in the eastern part of the old medieval heart of the city.

The main street of this Jewish neighbourhood was the Jodenbreestraat. The neighbourhood comprised the Waterlooplein and the Nieuwmarkt.

This led to riots, and as a result the original plans for large-scale reconstruction were abandoned and the neighbourhood was rebuilt with smaller-scale residence buildings on the basis of its original layout.

Catholic churches in Amsterdam have been constructed since the restoration of the episcopal hierarchy in In , the Roman Catholic Church of the Netherlands hosted the International Eucharistic Congress in Amsterdam, and numerous Catholic prelates visited the city, where festivities were held in churches and stadiums.

Catholic processions on the public streets, however, were still forbidden under law at the time. In recent times, religious demographics in Amsterdam have been changed by immigration from former colonies.

Hinduism has been introduced from the Hindu diaspora from Suriname and several distinct branches of Islam have been brought from various parts of the world.

Islam is now the largest non-Christian religion in Amsterdam. The large community of Ghanaian and Nigerian immigrants have established African churches, often in parking garages in the Bijlmer area, where many have settled.

In addition, a broad array of other religious movements have established congregations, including Hinduism , and Buddhism.

Amsterdam experienced an influx of religions and cultures after the Second World War. With different nationalities, [82] Amsterdam is home to one of the widest varieties of nationalities of any city in the world.

Amsterdam has been one of the municipalities in the Netherlands which provided immigrants with extensive and free Dutch-language courses, which have benefited many immigrants.

Amsterdam fans out south from the Amsterdam Centraal railway station and Damrak , the main street off the station. The oldest area of the town is known as De Wallen English: To the south of De Wallen is the old Jewish quarter of Waterlooplein.

The medieval and colonial age canals of Amsterdam , known as grachten , embraces the heart of the city where homes have interesting gables.

Beyond the Grachtengordel are the former working class areas of Jordaan and de Pijp. Several parts of the city and the surrounding urban area are polders.

This can be recognised by the suffix -meer which means lake , as in Aalsmeer , Bijlmermeer , Haarlemmermeer , and Watergraafsmeer.

The Amsterdam canal system is the result of conscious city planning. Known as the Grachtengordel , three of the canals were mostly for residential development: The Singelgracht should not be confused with the oldest and most inner canal Singel.

The canals served for defence, water management and transport. The defences took the form of a moat and earthen dikes , with gates at transit points, but otherwise no masonry superstructures.

Construction started in and proceeded from west to east, across the breadth of the layout, like a gigantic windshield wiper as the historian Geert Mak calls it — and not from the centre outwards, as a popular myth has it.

The canal construction in the southern sector was completed by Subsequently, the construction of residential buildings proceeded slowly.

The eastern part of the concentric canal plan, covering the area between the Amstel river and the IJ bay, has never been implemented. During the 19th century, Samuel Sarphati devised a plan based on the grandeur of Paris and London at that time.

The plan envisaged the construction of new houses, public buildings and streets just outside the Grachtengordel. The main aim of the plan, however, was to improve public health.

Although the plan did not expand the city, it did produce some of the largest public buildings to date, like the Paleis voor Volksvlijt. In response to overcrowding, two plans were designed at the beginning of the 20th century which were very different from anything Amsterdam had ever seen before: Plan Zuid , designed by the architect Berlage , and West.

These plans involved the development of new neighbourhoods consisting of housing blocks for all social classes.

After the Second World War, large new neighbourhoods were built in the western, southeastern, and northern parts of the city.

The neighbourhoods consisted mainly of large housing blocks situated among green spaces, connected to wide roads, making the neighbourhoods easily accessible by motor car.

The western suburbs which were built in that period are collectively called the Westelijke Tuinsteden. The area to the southeast of the city built during the same period is known as the Bijlmer.

Amsterdam has a rich architectural history. The oldest building in Amsterdam is the Oude Kerk English: Old Church , at the heart of the Wallen, consecrated in It was constructed around and is one of only two existing wooden buildings.

It is also one of the few examples of Gothic architecture in Amsterdam. In the 16th century, wooden buildings were razed and replaced with brick ones.

During this period, many buildings were constructed in the architectural style of the Renaissance. Amsterdam quickly developed its own Renaissance architecture.

These buildings were built according to the principles of the architect Hendrick de Keyser. In the 17th century baroque architecture became very popular, as it was elsewhere in Europe.

Throughout the 18th century, Amsterdam was heavily influenced by French culture. This is reflected in the architecture of that period.

Around , architects broke with the baroque style and started building in different neo-styles. At the end of the 19th century, the Jugendstil or Art Nouveau style became popular and many new buildings were constructed in this architectural style.

Since Amsterdam expanded rapidly during this period, new buildings adjacent to the city centre were also built in this style. The last style that was popular in Amsterdam before the modern era was Art Deco.

Amsterdam had its own version of the style, which was called the Amsterdamse School. Whole districts were built this style, such as the Rivierenbuurt.

The old city centre is the focal point of all the architectural styles before the end of the 19th century. Amsterdam has many parks, open spaces, and squares throughout the city.

The Vondelpark , the largest park in the city, is located in the Oud-Zuid neighbourhood and is named after the 17th-century Amsterdam author Joost van den Vondel.

Yearly, the park has around 10 million visitors. In the park is an open-air theatre, a playground and several horeca facilities. In the Zuid borough, is the Beatrixpark , named after Queen Beatrix.

Other parks include the Sarphatipark in the De Pijp neighbourhood, the Oosterpark in the Oost borough and the Westerpark in the Westerpark neighbourhood.

The city has three beaches: The city has many open squares plein in Dutch. The namesake of the city as the site of the original dam, Dam Square , is the main city square and has the Royal Palace and National Monument.

Also, near to Amsterdam is the Nekkeveld estate conservation project. Amsterdam is the financial and business capital of the Netherlands.

Though many small offices are still located on the old canals, companies are increasingly relocating outside the city centre. South Axis has become the new financial and legal hub.

There are three other smaller financial districts in Amsterdam. The first is the area surrounding Amsterdam Sloterdijk railway station , where several newspapers like De Telegraaf have their offices.

Also, Deloitte , the Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf municipal public transport company and the Dutch tax offices Belastingdienst are located there.

The third is the area surrounding Amsterdam Amstel railway station. The tallest building in Amsterdam, the Rembrandt Tower , is situated there, as is the headquarters of Philips.

The Port of Amsterdam is the fourth largest port in Europe, the 38th largest port in the world and the second largest port in the Netherlands by metric tons of cargo.

Amsterdam has the biggest cruise port in the Netherlands with more than cruise ships every year. In the new lock in IJmuiden will open; the port will then be able to grow to million tonnes in capacity.

It is near Dam Square in the city centre. Amsterdam is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe, receiving more than 4.

This can be attributed to an increasing number of European visitors. For example, the year was designated "Rembrandt ", to celebrate the th birthday of Rembrandt van Rijn.

Some hotels offer special arrangements or activities during these years. The average number of guests per year staying at the four campsites around the city range from 12, to 65, This neighbourhood has become a famous attraction for tourists.

It consists of a network of roads and alleys containing several hundred small, one-room apartments rented by sex workers who offer their services from behind a window or glass door, typically illuminated with red lights.

Shops in Amsterdam range from large high end department stores such as De Bijenkorf founded in to small specialty shops.

Hooftstraat and Cornelis Schuytstraat , which are located in the vicinity of the Vondelpark. Other shopping areas include the Negen Straatjes and Haarlemmerdijk and Haarlemmerstraat.

Negen Straatjes are nine narrow streets within the Grachtengordel , the concentric canal system of Amsterdam.

The Negen Straatjes differ from other shopping districts with the presence of a large diversity of privately owned shops.

The Haarlemmerstraat and Haarlemmerdijk were voted best shopping street in the Netherlands in These streets have as the Negen Straatjes a large diversity of privately owned shops.

But as the Negen Straatjes are dominated by fashion stores the Haarlemmerstraat and Haarlemmerdijk offer a very wide variety of all kinds of stores, just to name some specialties: The city also features a large number of open-air markets such as the Albert Cuyp Market , Westerstraat-markt, Ten Katemarkt, and Dappermarkt.

Some of these markets are held on a daily basis, like the Albert Cuypmarkt and the Dappermarkt. Others, like the Westerstraatmarkt, are held on a weekly basis.

Amsterdam has its garment centre in the World Fashion Center. Buildings which formerly housed brothels in the red light district have been converted to ateliers for young fashion designers, AKA eagle fuel.

In , Amsterdam opened its first theatre. Ballet performances were given in this theatre as early as In the 18th century, French theatre became popular.

While Amsterdam was under the influence of German music in the 19th century there were few national opera productions; the Hollandse Opera of Amsterdam was built in for the specific purpose of promoting Dutch opera.

At the end of this century, the Rijksmuseum and Stedelijk Museum were built. With the 20th century came cinema, radio and television.

Many people who work in the television industry live in Amsterdam. The most important museums of Amsterdam are located on the Museumplein Museum Square , located at the southwestern side of the Rijksmuseum.

The northeastern part of the square is bordered by the very large Rijksmuseum. In front of the Rijksmuseum on the square itself is a long, rectangular pond.

This is transformed into an ice rink in winter. The southwestern border of the Museum Square is the Van Baerlestraat, which is a major thoroughfare in this part of Amsterdam.

The Concertgebouw is situated across this street from the square. To the southeast of the square are situated a number of large houses, one of which contains the American consulate.

A parking garage can be found underneath the square, as well as a supermarket. The Museumplein is covered almost entirely with a lawn, except for the northeastern part of the square which is covered with gravel.

The current appearance of the square was realised in , when the square was remodelled. The square itself is the most prominent site in Amsterdam for festivals and outdoor concerts, especially in the summer.

Plans were made in to remodel the square again, because many inhabitants of Amsterdam are not happy with its current appearance.

The Rijksmuseum possesses the largest and most important collection of classical Dutch art. Its collection consists of nearly one million objects.

Aside from paintings, the collection consists of a large variety of decorative art. This ranges from Delftware to giant doll-houses from the 17th century.

The architect of the gothic revival building was P. The museum underwent a year, million euro renovation starting in The full collection was reopened to the public on 13 April and the Rijksmuseum has established itself as the most visited museum in Amsterdam with 2.

Van Gogh lived in Amsterdam for a short while and there is a museum dedicated to his work. The museum is housed in one of the few modern buildings in this area of Amsterdam.

The building was designed by Gerrit Rietveld. This building is where the permanent collection is displayed. A new building was added to the museum in This building, known as the performance wing, was designed by Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa.

Its purpose is to house temporary exhibitions of the museum. Next to the Van Gogh museum stands the Stedelijk Museum.

The museum is as old as the square it borders and was opened in The permanent collection consists of works of art from artists like Piet Mondriaan , Karel Appel , and Kazimir Malevich.

Amsterdam contains many other museums throughout the city. The modern-styled Nemo is dedicated to child-friendly science exhibitions.

The song "Aan de Amsterdamse grachten" "On the canals of Amsterdam" was performed and recorded by many artists, including John Kraaijkamp Sr.

In the s Johnny Jordaan rose to fame with "Geef mij maar Amsterdam" "I prefer Amsterdam" , which praises the city above all others explicitly Paris ; Jordaan sang especially about his own neighbourhood, the Jordaan "Bij ons in de Jordaan".

Its main purpose is to serve as a podium for pop concerts for big audiences. Many famous international artists have performed there. Two other notable venues, Paradiso and the Melkweg are located near the Leidseplein.

Jazz has a strong following in Amsterdam, with the Bimhuis being the premier venue. In , Ziggo Dome was opened, also near Amsterdam Arena, a state-of-the-art indoor music arena.

AFAS Live is also host to many electronic dance music festivals, alongside many other venues. Each year in October, the city hosts the Amsterdam Dance Event ADE which is one of the leading electronic music conferences and one of the biggest club festivals for electronic music in the world, attracting over , visitors each year.

Amsterdam has a world-class symphony orchestra, the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra. It is considered by critics to be a concert hall with some of the best acoustics in the world.

Some nine hundred concerts and other events per year take place in the Concertgebouw, for a public of over ,, making it one of the most-visited concert halls in the world.

Therefore, the two buildings combined are often called the Stopera , a word originally coined by protesters against it very construction: This huge modern complex, opened in , lies in the former Jewish neighbourhood at Waterlooplein next to the river Amstel.

Its concerts perform mostly modern classical music. Located adjacent to it, is the Bimhuis , a concert hall for improvised and Jazz music. The Stadsschouwburg at the Leidseplein is the home base of Toneelgroep Amsterdam.

The current building dates from Most plays are performed in the Grote Zaal Great Hall. The normal programme of events encompasses all sorts of theatrical forms.

The Stadsschouwburg is currently being renovated and expanded. The third theatre space, to be operated jointly with next door Melkweg , will open in late or early The recently re-opened DeLaMar Theater houses the more commercial plays and musicals.

A new theatre has also moved into Amsterdam scene in , joining other established venues: Theater Amsterdam is situated in the west part of Amsterdam, on the Danzigerkade.

It is housed in a modern building with a panoramic view over the harbour. On the east side of town there is a small theatre in a converted bath house, the Badhuistheater.

The theatre often has English programming. The Netherlands has a tradition of cabaret or kleinkunst , which combines music, storytelling, commentary, theatre and comedy.

Cabaret dates back to the s and artists like Wim Kan , Wim Sonneveld and Toon Hermans were pioneers of this form of art in the Netherlands.

In Amsterdam is the Kleinkunstacademie English: The English spoken comedy scene was established with the founding of Boom Chicago in They have their own theatre at Leidseplein.

Amsterdam is famous for its vibrant and diverse nightlife. They range from large and modern to small and cozy. A common sight on the Leidseplein during summer is a square full of terraces packed with people drinking beer or wine.

Many restaurants can be found in Amsterdam as well. Since Amsterdam is a multicultural city, a lot of different ethnic restaurants can be found.

Restaurants range from being rather luxurious and expensive to being ordinary and affordable. The two main nightlife areas for tourists are the Leidseplein and the Rembrandtplein.

Bimhuis located near the Central Station, with its rich programming hosting the best in the field is considered one of the best jazz clubs in the world.

In , there were festivals and events in Amsterdam. Famous festivals and events in Amsterdam include: The entire city becomes overcrowded with people buying products from the freemarket, or visiting one of the many music concerts.

The yearly Holland Festival attracts international artists and visitors from all over Europe. It offers previews of many different artists, such as musicians and poets, who perform on podia.

The stadium Johan Cruyff Arena is the home of Ajax. It is located in the south-east of the city next to the new Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA railway station.

Before moving to their current location in , Ajax played their regular matches in De Meer Stadion. The Olympic Stadium built for the occasion has been completely restored and is now used for cultural and sporting events, such as the Amsterdam Marathon.

The ice hockey team Amstel Tijgers play in the Jaap Eden ice rink. The team competes in the Dutch ice hockey premier league.

Speed skating championships have been held on the metre lane of this ice rink. Amsterdam holds two American football franchises: There are three field hockey teams: The basketball team MyGuide Amsterdam competes in the Dutch premier division and play their games in the Sporthallen Zuid.

Since the city of Amsterdam honours the best sportsmen and women at the Amsterdam Sports Awards. Boxer Raymond Joval and field hockey midfielder Carole Thate were the first to receive the awards, in The city of Amsterdam is a municipality under the Dutch Municipalities Act.

It is governed by a directly elected municipal council , a municipal executive board and a mayor. Over time, a total of 15 boroughs were created.

In May , under a major reform, the number of Amsterdam boroughs was reduced to eight: Amsterdam-Centrum covering the city centre including the canal belt , Amsterdam-Noord consisting of the neighbourhoods north of the IJ lake , Amsterdam-Oost in the east, Amsterdam-Zuid in the south, Amsterdam-West in the west, Amsterdam Nieuw-West in the far west, Amsterdam Zuidoost in the southeast, and Westpoort covering the Port of Amsterdam area.

As with all Dutch municipalities, Amsterdam is governed by a directly elected municipal council , a municipal executive board and a mayor burgemeester.

The mayor is a member of the municipal executive board, but also has individual responsibilies in maintaining public order.

On 18 September it was announced by Eberhard van der Laan in an open letter to Amsterdam citizens that Kajsa Ollongren would take up his office as acting Mayor of Amsterdam with immediate effect due to ill health.

The boroughs are responsible for many activities that had previously been run by the central city. In , the number of Amsterdam boroughs reached fifteen.

Fourteen of those had their own district council deelraad , elected by a popular vote. The fifteenth, Westpoort , covers the harbour of Amsterdam and had very few residents.

Therefore, it was governed by the central municipal council. Under the borough system, municipal decisions are made at borough level, except for those affairs pertaining to the whole city such as major infrastructure projects, which are the jurisdiction of the central municipal authorities.

In , the borough system was restructured, in which many smaller boroughs merged into larger boroughs. In , under a reform of the Dutch Municipalities Act, the Amsterdam boroughs lost much of their autonomous status, as their district councils were abolished.

The municipal council of Amsterdam voted to maintain the borough system by replacing the district councils with smaller, but still directly elected district committees bestuurscommissies.

Under a municipal ordinance, the new district committees were granted responsibilities through delegation of regulatory and executive powers by the central municipal council.

Colloquially, some areas within the municipality, such as the town of Durgerdam , may not be considered part of Amsterdam.

Statistics Netherlands uses three other definitions of Amsterdam: The city region is similar to Greater Amsterdam but includes the municipalities of Zaanstad and Wormerland.

It excludes Graft-De Rijp. The smallest of these areas is the municipality of Amsterdam with a population of , in The largest area by population, the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area Dutch: Metropoolregio Amsterdam , has a population of 2,33 million.

Amsterdam is part of the conglomerate metropolitan area Randstad , with a total population of 6,, inhabitants. Of these various metropolitan area configurations, only the Stadsregio Amsterdam City Region of Amsterdam has a formal governmental status.

Its responsibities include regional spatial planning and the metropolitan public transport concessions. Under the Dutch Constitution , Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands.

Since the constitutional revision, the constitution mentions "Amsterdam" and "capital" in chapter 2, article The ceremony traditionally takes place at the Nieuwe Kerk on Dam Square , immediately after the former monarch has signed the act of abdication at the nearby Royal Palace of Amsterdam.

Normally, however, the Parliament sits in The Hague , the city which has historically been the seat of the Dutch government , the Dutch monarchy , and the Dutch supreme court.

Foreign embassies are also located in The Hague. The coat of arms of Amsterdam is composed of several historical elements. This part of the coat of arms is the basis of the flag of Amsterdam , flown by the city government, but also as civil ensign for ships registered in Amsterdam.

Second is the Imperial Crown of Austria. The lions date from the late 16th century, when city and province became part of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.

Currently, there are sixteen tram routes and five metro routes. All are operated by municipal public transport operator Gemeentelijk Vervoerbedrijf GVB , which also runs the city bus network.

Four fare-free GVB ferries carry pedestrians and cyclists across the IJ lake to the borough of Amsterdam-Noord , and two fare-charging ferries run east and west along the harbour.

Regional buses, and some suburban buses, are operated by Connexxion and EBS. Amsterdam was intended in to be the hub, a kind of Kilometre Zero , of the highway system of the Netherlands , [] with freeways numbered One to Eight planned to originate from the city.

The A3 to Rotterdam was cancelled in in order to conserve the Groene Hart. Road A8 , leading north to Zaandam and the A10 Ringroad were opened between and The A10 ringroad surrounding the city connects Amsterdam with the Dutch national network of freeways.

Interchanges on the A10 allow cars to enter the city by transferring to one of the 18 city roads , numbered S through to S These city roads are regional roads without grade separation , and sometimes without a central reservation.

Most are accessible by cyclists. In the city centre, driving a car is discouraged. Parking fees are expensive, and many streets are closed to cars or are one-way.

Amsterdam is served by ten stations of the Nederlandse Spoorwegen Dutch Railways. The stations for local services are: Amsterdam Centraal is also an international railway station.

Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is less than 20 minutes by train from Amsterdam Centraal station and is served by domestic and international intercity trains, such as Thalys , Eurostar and Intercity Brussel.

Schiphol is the largest airport in the Netherlands, the third largest in Europe, and the 14th-largest in the world in terms of passengers. It handles over 68 million passengers per year and is the home base of four airlines, KLM , Transavia , Martinair and Arkefly.

Amsterdam is one of the most bicycle-friendly large cities in the world and is a centre of bicycle culture with good facilities for cyclists such as bike paths and bike racks , and several guarded bike storage garages fietsenstalling which can be used.

In , there were about 1,, bicycles in Amsterdam outnumbering the amount of citizens in the city. Amsterdam has two universities: Other institutions for higher education include an art school — Gerrit Rietveld Academie , a university of applied sciences — the Hogeschool van Amsterdam , and the Amsterdamse Hogeschool voor de Kunsten.

There are over primary schools in Amsterdam. Many schools, however, are based on religion. This used to be primarily Roman Catholicism and various Protestant denominations, but with the influx of Muslim immigrants there has been a rise in the number of Islamic schools.

Het standbeeld van de vader van Frits Philips, Anton Philips , staat voor het station. Er is nog meer kunst in de open lucht te zien in het preHistorisch Dorp.

Dit museum ligt in de Genneper Parken en is een openluchtmuseum met de ijzertijd en de middeleeuwen van Brabant als thema.

Het preHistorisch Dorp is onderdeel van Eindhoven Museum. Dit museum trekt na het Van Abbemuseum de meeste bezoekers.

Het Van Abbemuseum is een museum voor moderne en hedendaagse kunst, dat werken van onder meer Picasso , Kandinsky , Chagall en Mondriaan in de collectie heeft.

In de Steentjeskerk zit Museum Kempenland , een streekmuseum over volkskunde, schilderkunst en beeldhouwkunst van Noord-Brabantse kunstenaars. In het voormalige gebouw van het Kantongerecht van wederopbouwarchitect Jo Kruger is het Designhuis gevestigd, een podium en ontmoetingsplaats op het gebied van design en innovatie.

Het beheer en presentatie van de collectie wordt nu verzorgd door Eindhoven Museum. In totaal trekken de Eindhovense musea ongeveer Met het Parktheater beschikt Eindhoven over een van de grotere theaters van Nederland.

Dit theater dankt zijn naam aan zijn ligging, direct naast het Stadswandelpark. Het heeft drie zalen, waarvan de grootste zaal geschikt is voor maximaal bezoekers.

Jaarlijks trekt het theater ongeveer Een andere locatie op het gebied van onder meer cultfilms en toneel is het Plaza Futura. Ook op muziekgebied kent Eindhoven diverse locaties voor deze kunstuiting.

Natuurlijk kan dat in het al eerder genoemde theater, maar met de Effenaar , een poppodium, en Muziekcentrum Frits Philips herbergt Eindhoven twee locaties die in het teken staan van muziek.

Beide muziekcentra trekken jaarlijks meer dan In het centrum bevindt zich ook het TAC Temporary Art Centre , een culturele broedplaats welke ruimte biedt aan tegen de 80 ateliers en een podium vormt voor onder andere muziek, beeldende kunst, theater en film.

Bovendien worden het beursgebouw, het Klokgebouw en het Philips Stadion gebruikt voor muziekoptredens. Elk jaar vinden er diverse evenementen plaats in Eindhoven, bijvoorbeeld in augustus Park Hilaria.

In het najaar zijn er onder meer de Lichtjesroute rond 18 september bevrijdingsdag van Eindhoven , in oktober wordt jaarlijks de Dutch Design Week georganiseerd en in november vindt het internationale lichtfestival GLOW plaats in Eindhoven.

In de winter verandert Eindhoven in Eindhoven Winterstad. Op sportgebied is de Marathon Eindhoven een van de grootste evenementen. De gemeente Eindhoven heeft een apart budget voor evenementen.

Veel evenementen in Eindhoven worden opgezet door stichting City Dynamiek Eindhoven. City Dynamiek Eindhoven is een samenwerkingsverband tussen de gemeente en vertegenwoordigers van private partijen, zoals onder meer horeca en detailhandel.

In werd de Roze Zaterdag in Eindhoven gehouden. De luciferfabriek was op dat moment de grootste werkgever van de stad en produceerde voor de hele wereld.

Deze hadden zich vanaf het begin van de 19e eeuw ontwikkeld, maar de meeste fabrieken in deze sectoren zijn na de Tweede Wereldoorlog verdwenen. De textielindustrie kwam op vanuit de gilden en de aanwezigheid van waterkracht en ook de hoedenindustrie kende wortels die teruggaan tot de 18e eeuw.

Voorts speelde de aanwezigheid van huisnijverheid, goedkope arbeidskrachten en dito grond een belangrijke rol. Vanaf kwam Philips op en ook de vrachtwagenfabrikant DAF heeft, vanaf ongeveer , enorm bijgedragen aan de werkgelegenheid van Eindhoven.

Sedert omstreeks heeft Philips zich grotendeels uit Eindhoven teruggetrokken, hoewel de kenniscentra van Philips Lighting en Philips Research in Eindhoven zijn gebleven.

Toeleveringsbedrijven en verzelfstandigde onderdelen van Philips hebben in Eindhoven en omgeving veel nieuwe werkgelegenheid gebracht, met name op het gebied van hoogwaardige technologie.

Vandaag de dag fungeert Eindhoven als het centrum van technologie in het zuiden van Nederland. Van al het geld dat in Nederland besteed wordt aan ontwikkeling en onderzoek gaat een derde naar Eindhoven en omgeving.

De leus van de gemeente, leading in technology , is hierop gebaseerd. In de regio Zuidoost-Brabant bestaat de stichting Brainport. Brainport is een samenwerkingsverband tussen bedrijven, kennisinstellingen en overheden en wordt gevormd door de gemeenten in Zuidoost-Brabant.

De grootste uitgaven en meeste patentaanvragen komen vanuit Eindhoven, voornamelijk Philips. In werd de regio Eindhoven door het Intelligent Community Form uitgeroepen tot "slimste regio ter wereld".

Vooral in het centrum in de binnenstad zijn veel winkels. Het winkelgebied in het centrum beslaat de volgende delen:.

Buiten het centrum is in het stadsdeel Woensel Noord het Winkelcentrum Woensel te vinden. Met winkels is dit gebied het grootste wijk-winkelcentrum buiten de Randstad.

Veel multiculturele winkels zijn te vinden op de Kruisstraat en de Woenselse Markt. Wat betreft de gedrukte media is het Eindhovens Dagblad een dagblad dat verschijnt in Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven.

Behalve een binnenlands en buitenlands katern richt de krant zich op de regionale nieuwsvoorziening. De oplage van de krant bedraagt ruim Naast het Eindhovens Dagblad heeft Eindhoven nog een wekelijks huis-aan-huisblad, Groot Eindhoven waar onder meer het nieuws van de gemeenteraad wordt vermeld.

Dit blad verschijnt midweeks. Voorts is er regionale radio en regionale televisie , verzorgd door Omroep Brabant.

Deze omroep is gevestigd in Son en Breda. Terugkerende evenementen zijn de introductieweken van de verschillende hogere scholen en studentenverenigingen en universiteit, allen gericht op de nieuwe studenten.

Hieronder is een overzicht van de belangrijkste onderwijsinstellingen in de stad te vinden. In Eindhoven wordt het basisonderwijs grofweg verdeeld over twee besturen.

Ongeveer 38 basisscholen zijn aangesloten bij SKPO. Tot SALTO behoren ongeveer 25 scholen waar, naast de openbare scholen, ook vier Jenaplanscholen en twee Montessorischolen zijn aangesloten.

Tevens heeft Eindhoven een islamitische basisschool, een Vrije school en een evangelische basisschool. Elf van deze scholen zijn rooms-katholiek, de overige zijn openbaar of protestants gericht.

Veel van de leerlingen komen uit Eindhoven zelf of uit een van de omliggende kernen. Veel instellingen zijn in de jaren 90 samengegaan in het Regionaal opleidingencentrum ROC.

Het Summa College Eindhoven heeft meer dan opleidingen op 20 gebieden, zoals de autobranche, ICT, economie en welzijn.

Tevens heeft het Summa College een montessoricollege. In Eindhoven zijn via Fontys verschillende soorten hoger beroepsonderwijs te volgen voor bachelor- en mastergraden.

In Eindhoven heeft de opleiding verschillende vestigingen, maar de meeste opleidingen zijn gevestigd aan de Rachelsmolen.

Tevens is in Eindhoven de Design Academy gevestigd. Deze opleiding is een wereldwijd bekend instituut, gevestigd in de voormalige Philips-fabrieken De Witte Dame in het centrum van Eindhoven.

Daarnaast zijn er in Eindhoven nog enkele particuliere hbo-instellingen. Ze is gesticht op 15 juni door de Nederlandse overheid.

Sinds haar stichting heeft ze haar eigen campus in het centrum van Eindhoven, ten noorden van het centraal station. Deze zijn gevestigd op de High Tech Campus Eindhoven.

Verder zijn er zoals vanzelfsprekend tal van kleinere gezondheidscentra en apothekers te vinden. Bij de huisartsenpost is ook een apotheek gevestigd die altijd " buiten kantooruren " geopend is.

De meldkamer Brabant Zuid-Oost van is tevens in Eindhoven gevestigd. Binnen Eindhoven zijn vele vormen van sportbeoefening mogelijk.

In dit stadion worden naast voetbalwedstrijden ook speciale evenementen georganiseerd, zoals het Europees kampioenschap voetbal en de UEFA-Cup finale Voetbalclub FC Eindhoven speelt anno in de Eerste divisie.

De vereniging werd in landskampioen. Onder de Federatie van Philips Sport Verenigingen vallen naast de voetbalclub ook andere sportverenigingen: Daarnaast staat de zwemsport in Eindhoven aan de internationale top met het Pieter van den Hoogenband Zwemstadion als onderkomen, dat als enige Olympische zwembad in Nederland voldoet aan alle internationale maatstaven.

In vond er het EK Zwemmen plaats waarbij meerdere wereldrecords werden gezwommen door onder anderen Marleen Veldhuis.

Veldhuis is samen met Pieter van den Hoogenband het boegbeeld voor de zwemsport in Eindhoven. In samenwerking met zwemmers en wetenschappers vindt er in Nationaal Zwemcentrum de Tongelreep ook allerlei wetenschappelijk onderzoek plaats op zwemgebied.

Een andere topsportlocatie is de kunstijsbaan van IJssportcentrum Eindhoven met zowel langebaanschaatsen als een ijshockeyhal.

Jarenlang speelde de nationale ijshockeytop in Eindhoven en in werd de nationale bekerfinale hier gespeeld. Het langebaanschaatsen had, naast de marathonrijders, in de nationale en internationale top op bezoek bij het Nederlandse kampioenschappen schaatsen allround Verder wordt op internationaal topniveau gespeeld bij hockeyclub Oranje-Rood voorheen Oranje Zwart en zijn er sporadisch tennisevenementen zoals de Davis Cup , gespeeld in het Indoor-Sportcentrum.

Daar won Van der Weijden een gouden medaille. Op nationaal niveau speelt de Eindhovense Schaakvereniging. Deze schaakvereniging werd landskampioen schaken in de voormalige Hoofdklasse in seizoen Het jaar daarop speelde de schaakvereniging Europa Cup voor schaakteams, waarin het de derde ronde haalde.

Rugby union is vertegenwoordigd in Eindhoven doormiddel van twee clubs. Eindhoven heeft een eigen luchthaven, Vliegbasis Eindhoven , die tevens wordt gebruikt voor civiele luchtvaart als Eindhoven Airport.

Het vliegveld bestaat sinds , toen het een geheel civiel vliegveld was. In april werd het vliegveld gevorderd vanwege de algemene mobilisatie.

Na de oorlog werd het een gecombineerd civiel en militair vliegveld. In de jaren 90 is het vliegveld een paar kilometer verhuisd en is op de originele locatie een woonwijk verrezen, waar het originele luchthavengebouw nog dienstdoet als wijkcentrum van Meerhoven.

De grond is eigendom van de Koninklijke Luchtmacht. Eindhoven Airport handelde in 4,7 miljoen passagiers af. Er zijn studies over een derde treinstation ter hoogte van de wijk Acht , station Eindhoven Acht.

Tevens is er een apart perron bij het Philips Stadion, waar voetbalsupporters van bezoekende clubs direct vanuit de trein het stadion ingeleid worden.

Deze wordt enkel gebruikt bij voetbalwedstrijden van PSV waarbij de tegenstander een verplichte treincombibezoekregeling heeft.

Zonder overstappen is het dan mogelijk om vanuit Eindhoven op desbetreffende eindstations en tussenliggende intercitystations te komen. Tevens rijden er in de nacht van vrijdag op zaterdag en zaterdag op zondag nachttreinen naar Rotterdam en Utrecht.

Tussen Utrecht en Rotterdam rijden dan ook nachttreinen met tussenstops in Amsterdam, Schiphol en Den Haag, waardoor Eindhoven dan op het landelijke net is aangesloten.

Het stads- en streekvervoer in en om Eindhoven valt onder het concessiegebied SRE , enkele lijnen vallen onder de concessie Meierij.

Het vervoer wordt verzorgd door Hermes , enkele lijnen van Arriva doen Eindhoven ook aan. De coalitie heeft 26 van de 45 zetels. Het college bestaat uit acht personen en wordt voorgezeten door de burgemeester.

De portefeuilleverdeling is als volgt: Wilbert Seuren verving per 15 juli Marco van Dorst , die zijn functie neerlegde omdat de uitoefening ervan te veel druk legde op zijn gezinsleven.

De coalitie had 28 van de 45 zetels. Het college bestond uit zeven personen en werd voorgezeten door de burgemeester. De portefeuilleverdeling was als volgt:.

Monique List verving per 1 maart Henk Brink , die om gezondheidsredenen aftrad als wethouder van economie, werk en beroepsonderwijs.

Yasin Torunoglu verving per 26 maart Mary Fiers , die aftrad na problemen rond een verhuisproject van woonwagens naar het Orgelplein in Eindhoven.

Van Gijzel heeft de taak van burgemeester van Eindhoven op 8 april overgenomen van Gerrit Braks , die als interim-burgemeester heeft gediend sinds het opstappen van Alexander Sakkers op 1 september Op 23 januari werd er een burgemeestersreferendum gehouden om de opvolger van Sakkers aan te wijzen.

Er waren twee kandidaten, beide van de PvdA: Alhoewel Van Gijzel met 68,5 procent van de stemmen het referendum won, werd het niet rechtsgeldig verklaard omdat de opkomst met 24,6 procent onder de dertig procent was gebleven.

De gemeenteraad moest daarom enkele dagen later, op 28 januari , de burgemeester kiezen. Van Gijzel is geboren en getogen in Eindhoven.

De laatste gemeenteraadsverkiezing was op 21 maart

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